There are multiple types of surgery for people who struggle with excess weight. These surgeries are now much less invasive and much safer than back in the 90s. Hundreds of thousands of these surgeries are done each year and follow up over 5–15 years has shown sustained weight loss of 25–30% of body weight. Plus, the risk of serious complications is very low, like that of a gall bladder surgery. The improvement in heart and brain health, diabetes, blood pressure, cholesterol, and even risk of cancer, is significant.
The most common surgery involves cutting the stomach to a “sleeve” that is shaped like a banana. It reduces hunger and makes people feel full so they lose weight. A couple months after the operation, they go back to eating normal food but smaller amounts of it. The other common operation is bypass and that is more effective, but has slightly more complications. It is still very safe and preferred for those who are very obese.
Consult with your healthcare provider to determine if you’re a candidate for weight loss surgery.
Anuj Malik, MD
Board Certified in Obesity Medicine